Skin Cancer Treatment
Non-melanoma skin cancers currently have a variety of treatment options including:
- Surgical Skin Cancer Treatment – using instruments from scalpels to lasers
- Chemotherapy Skin Cancer Treatment – applied ‘Topically’ or ‘Systemically’
- Radiation Skin Cancer Treatment
Your optimal lung cancer treatment plan may include one or more of these treatments, either at the same time, or at different times, depending on a number of variables including the ‘Type‘ and ‘Stage‘ of the cancer.
Surgical Skin Cancer Treatment
Surgery is currently the most widely used skin cancer treatment method for dealing with non-melanoma skin cancer. There are several different surgical techniques that can be used, including simple Excision, Curettage & Electrodessication, Cryosurgery, Microscopically Controlled Surgery, Laser Surgery, Lymph Node Surgery, and Skin Grafting. Which type of surgery is used for a particular patient depends on the ‘Type’ and ‘Stage’ of skin cancer the individual is afflicted with.
- Excision – is simple removal of the tumor and a portion of the surrounding skin by scalpel. The skin that is left is then stitched back together, leaving a small scar. This is not very invasive and essentially identical to the procedure of an excisional biopsy.
- Cryosurgery – uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill the cancer cells. This cancer treatment is normally used for small basal cell and squamous cell cancers and some precancerous conditions such as actinic keratosis. Blistering and crusting normally result in some scarring following this procedure.
- Curettage & Electrodessication Surgery – scraping away the tumor and destroying any remaining cancer cells with an electric needle. This procedure is typically performed on small squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas, is normally repeated up to 3 times, and may leave scarring.
- Microscopically Controlled Surgery (Mohs Surgery) – is a slow, intensive method of cancer removal that leaves minimal scarring. The surgeon initially removes a thin layer of the affected area for study. If the sample has cancerous cells in it, the doctor removes another layer and the process continues until a sample with no cancerous cells is taken.
- Laser Treatment – vaporizes cancer cells and has proven highly successful in treating superficial carcinomas. However, it is not yet known if laser treatment can be as effective in more serious cases of melanoma skin cancer.
- Lymph Nodes Surgery – becomes necessary if the skin cancer has affected the lymph nodes. In this case, the lymph node would be surgically removed and then studied.
- Skin Grafting – may be necessary following removal of large skin cancers. Other reconstructive surgery may be required if the remaining skin cannot be stretched far enough to bring the edges of the open wound together.
Chemotherapy Skin Cancer Treatment
Typically with non-melanoma skin cancer, surgery is the primary treatment of choice. However, under certain circumstances, your doctor may advise chemotherapy as your optimal skin cancer treatment. This treatment involves using drugs to kill the skin cancer cells. There are two main types of chemotherapy skin cancer treatment; Topical Chemotherapy and Systemic Chemotherapy.
- Topical Chemotherapy – involves administering the drugs directly onto the skin, in the form of a cream. This can kill cancer cells that are near the surface of the skin, but cannot treat cancer that is deep within the skin or has spread to lymph nodes or other organs. Fluorouracil is the most commonly used topical chemotherapy drug, and is used to treat conditions like actinic keratosis but is not suitable for treating advanced skin cancer. The cream is typically applied daily over the course of several weeksand does not have the same side effects associated with it as systemic chemotherapy drugs. Usually, the skin will become red, blister and then peel, leaving healthy skin behind.
- Systemic Chemotherapy – involves administering the drug orally or by injection and can be used when the cancer has spread deep into the skin, to the lymph nodes, or to other organs. Systemic chemotherapy drugs enter the bloodstream and are able to travel to all parts of the body, thereby increasing the effectiveness of this type of treatment. Systemic chemotherapy drugs can kill both cancer cells, and healthy cells as well. They also cause side effects such as: loss of hair, gastro-intestinal irritation, loose bowels, and low blood cell counts, as well as secondary side effects such as increased risk of infection, easy bruising, and fatigue. There are treatments to help reduce these symptoms and they normally cease entirely following the end of chemotherapy.
Side Effects Of Chemotherapy Skin Cancer Treatment
Side effects of Chemotherapy skin cancer treatment include: severe nausea, vomiting, and damage to the immune system, kidneys and liver. However, there now are ways to counter some of these effects. Traditional chemotherapy cancer treatments are prescribed generically based on the ‘Stage‘ of the cancer.
AccuTheranostics, Inc. can now offer You a revolutionary new option. We enable your oncologist to tailor your chemotherapy to YOUR specific tumor characteristics, regardless of stage. The benefit of this approach, is that we are able to provide more effective treatment to YOUR specific tumor ‘Type‘, minimizing side effects to You.
Radiation Skin Cancer Treatment
Radiation skin cancer treatment can be used to treat basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers that:
- Cover an extensive area
- Are in areas of the body that cannot be reached surgically
- Are in patients who prefer not to undergo surgery or are unfit for general anaesthetic
Radiotherapy may be used to treat cancers that have spread to the lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body, and is also useful as an adjuvant treatment, following surgery, to decrease the risk of the cancer reoccurring. A course of radiation treatment is usually given once a day for 5 days, and may be given as a single course or as a series of five treatments a week for a number of weeks. Typically, radiation treatment for skin cancer is often given over 2 weeks.
Side effects of Radiation skin cancer treatment include irritation similar to mild or moderate sunburn, which will typically go away once the treatment is over. In some instances, it may form a scab that will eventually fall off leaving healthy skin. Radiation treatment on parts of the body that have hair will cause some hair loss, but hair growth will usually resume slowly following treatment – and may be patchy following extensive treatments.
Experimental Skin Cancer Treatments
Researchers are continuously seeking new lung cancer treatments, aiming to increase increase the potency of the treatment while decreasing any side effects. The only way to prove these new treatments is to test them in patients with skin cancer. Patients who choose to take part in such ‘clinical trials’ get the best possible medical care and also the chance to receive either a new treatment or the best known treatment. If you agree to take part in such a trial you can rest assured that the new treatment has been carefully tested to make sure it is safe.
You can only get these new treatments if you join a clinical trial. To find out more about these trials, talk to your doctor and contact the National Cancer Institute at www.nci.nih.gov or at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237), or you can contact AccuTheranostics, Inc. at 877-402-2623.
New Proven Skin Cancer Treatment Option
AccuTheranostics, Inc. has developed a proven technology that allows your oncologist to tailor YOUR chemotherapy treatment to target YOUR specific tumor. This new approach identifies the drugs that YOUR specific tumor is resistant to, and enables your oncologist to provide YOU with a more effective treatment regimen while minimizing side effects.
Many studies agree that the earliest possible detection and diagnosis provides the cancer patient with the best possible outcome. The AccuTheranostics, Inc. technique achieves this, thereby minimizing occurrence of relapse, recurrence and / or metastasis (spreading of the cancer beyond the original site).
Furthermore, recent studies have indicated that patients respond more favorably when their treatment is based on detailed analytical results, rather than merely on the superficial determination of the cancer stage.